ArcGIS Data Store is an application that lets you easily configure data storage for hosting and federated servers used with your portal. If you are not a database expert, ArcGIS Data Store provides you with a convenient setup and configuration experience that creates the following different types of data stores.
- Relational data store—Stores your portal's hosted feature layer data, including hosted feature layers created as output from spatial analysis tools run in the portal
- Tile cache data store—Stores caches for your portal's hosted scene layers
- Spatiotemporal big data store—Archives real-time observational data that you can use with an ArcGIS Server running ArcGIS GeoEvent Server that is federated with your portal; also stores the results generated using ArcGIS GeoAnalytics Server tools.
With ArcGIS Data Store, you can do the following:
- Publish large numbers of hosted feature layers.
If you plan to support publishing large numbers (thousands) of feature layers to your portal, it is strongly recommended that you use ArcGIS Data Store to create a relational data store. Hosted feature layers that rely on the relational data store require a smaller memory footprint to run, making it possible for you to publish many services with less hardware resources.
- Publish hosted scene layers to your portal.
If your portal's hosting server is registered with a tile cache data store, you can publish hosted scene layers from ArcGIS Pro to your portal. For more information on publishing hosted scene layers, see Publish scenes in the Portal for ArcGIS user help.
Note that publishing hosted scene layers also creates a hosted feature layer. Esri recommends you use ArcGIS Data Store to create a relational data store for this, but you have the option to use your own managed database registered with the hosting server.
- Archive high volume, real-time observation data.
If you use ArcGIS GeoEvent Extension to stream high volumes of real-time data, you can create a spatiotemporal big data store and archive the GeoEvent observation data.
- Create backups of relational data stores automatically.
Backups ensure you can recover your feature data in the event of a disaster such as data corruption or hardware failure. You can control when and where automatic backups of the relational data store are created.
- Configure a failover data store for your feature layer data and scene caches.
ArcGIS Data Store allows you to set up primary and standby relational data store machines, and primary and standby tile cache machines. Your hosted feature layer and hosted scene layer tile cache data is replicated from the primary machines to the standby machines, so if a primary machine crashes, the standby machine can take its place with minimum downtime.
- Configure a highly available spatiotemporal big data store.
You can configure multiple spatiotemporal big data stores to balance data loads over multiple machines and ensure availability of spatiotemporal data in the event of a machine failure.
- Perform analysis in the Portal for ArcGIS map viewer.
Your portal's hosting server must use an ArcGIS Data Store relational data store to enable spatial analysis functionality in your portal. To use GeoAnalytics Tools, configure the hosting server with a spatiotemporal big data store.