The Aggregate Points tool uses area features to summarize a set of point features. The boundaries from the area feature are used to collect the points within each area and use them to calculate statistics. The resulting layer displays the count of points within each area using graduated symbols.
Workflow diagram
Examples
Tornadoes are the most violent type of storm that occurs in the United States. You want to know the effect of tornadoes, including loss of life, injuries, property damage, and financial loss, in each state and county. You have access to tornado locations across the United States, but you need a better way to visualize your data within the boundaries of your choice. You can aggregate your tornado data into state and county boundaries and normalize your data by population to find the areas most affected by tornadoes.
Usage notes
Aggregate Points is designed to collect and summarize point features within a set of boundaries. The input parameters must include points to be aggregated and aggregation areas.
The Keep areas with no points box is checked by default. When the box is checked, all of the areas used in the analysis will be included in the result, regardless of the location of points. Areas with no points will be empty and have a count of 0. When the box is unchecked, the areas with no points are completely removed from the result layer. Unchecking the box may have a significant effect on the result areas.
The most basic aggregations will calculate a count of the number of points in each boundary. Basic statistics (sum, minimum, maximum, average, and standard deviation) can also be calculated on numerical fields. The statistics will be calculated on each area separately.
Statistical calculations can also be grouped using a field with categorical values. When statistics are grouped by a field, the statistics are calculated for both the area as a whole and for each group. Both statistics can be viewed in the result layer's popup. The overall statistics are given numerically and the grouped statistics are given in chart form within the popup. A summary table listing each feature and statistic by group field value will also be created. The Add minority, majority check box will return the groups with the lowest and highest counts and the Add percentages check box will return the percentage of points in the minority and majority groups.
If Use current map extent is checked, only the features in the input point layer and area layer visible within the current map extent will be analyzed. If unchecked, all features in both the input point layer and the area layer will be analyzed, even if they are outside the current map extent.
Limitations
Inputs must include a point layer and an area layer. Lines and areas cannot be aggregated within boundaries using the Aggregate Points tool.
How Aggregate Points works
Equations
Standard deviation is calculated using the following equation:
Calculations
Point layers are summarized using only the point features within the input boundary. The results will be displayed using graduated symbols.
The figure and table below explain the statistical calculations of a point layer within a hypothetical boundary. The Population field was used to calculate the statistics (Sum, Minimum, Maximum, Average, and Std Deviation) for the layer.
Statistic  Results District A 

Sum 

Minimum  Minimum of:

Maximum  Maximum of:

Average 

Std Deviation 

A reallife scenario in which this analysis could be used is in determining the total number of students in each school district. Each point represents a school. The Type field gives the type of school (elementary, middle school, or secondary) and a student population field gives the number of students enrolled at each school. The calculations and results are given for District A in the table above. From the results you can see that District A has 2,568 students. When running the Aggregate Points tool, the results would also be given for District B.
Similar tools
Use Aggregate Points to summarize points within areas. Other tools may be useful in solving similar but slightly different problems.
Map viewer analysis tools
If you are trying to summarize lines or areas, use the Summarize Within tool.
ArcGIS Desktop analysis tools
Aggregate Points performs the functions of the Spatial Join and Summary Statistics tools.
Aggregate Points is also available in ArcGIS Pro. To run the tool from ArcGIS Pro, your project's active portal must be running Portal for ArcGIS 10.5 or later. You must also sign in to the portal using an account that has privileges to perform standard feature analysis in the portal.