GIS resources are maps, tools, geodatabases, and other items you can expose to the world on ArcGIS Server. Although you can publish many different types of GIS resources to the server, the steps for publishing a service follow a common pattern.
If you've just installed ArcGIS Server, complete some preparatory steps before you can publish services:
- For details on how to configure your ArcGIS Server site, see the Getting started after install section of this help system.
- To learn how to make the data referenced by your GIS resource available to the server, see the topic Make your data accessible to ArcGIS Server.
To get started publishing your GIS resource as a service, follow these steps.
- Follow the directions in the table below based on what you want to publish to the server:
If you want to publish a map document…
…open the ArcMap document and choose File > Share As > Service from the main menu.
If you want to publish a geoprocessing model or tool…
…browse to a successful result of the model or tool in the Results window, right-click it, and choose Share As > Geoprocessing Service.
If you want to publish something else, such as a geodatabase or address locator…
…browse to the item in ArcCatalog or the Catalog window, right-click it, and choose Share As Service.
- In the Share as Service window, choose Publish a service and click Next.
- Choose the ArcGIS Server connection you want to use from the Choose a connection drop-down list. If the server connection you want to use is not listed, you can create a new connection by clicking Connect To ArcGIS Server .
If you need help with this step, see About connecting to ArcGIS Server in ArcGIS Desktop.
- By default, the name of the service is based on the name of the GIS resource. Optionally, in the Publish a Service window, enter a new name for the service. The name cannot be more than 120 characters long and may contain only alphanumeric characters and underscores.
- By default, services publish to the root folder (root) of ArcGIS Server. Services can be organized into subfolders under the root folder. Choose the folder where you want to publish the service, or create a new folder to contain the service, and click Continue. The Service Editor appears.
- Set the properties you want for your service. Here you can choose what users can do with your service and take fine-grained control of how the server exposes your service. For details on how to manually set service properties, locate your service in the Types of services section of the help. You can also automatically import properties from an existing service definition or a published service by clicking Import . For information on how to best configure your services for deployment, see the help topic Tuning and configuring services.
- Click Analyze . This examines your GIS resource to see if it can be published to the server.
- Fix any errors () in the Prepare window; this must be done before you can publish your GIS resource as a service. Optionally, you can fix the warnings and informational messages to further improve the performance and appearance of your service. For more information about resolving these issues, see Analyze your GIS resource.
- Optionally, click Preview . This gives you an idea of how your service looks when viewed on the web.
- Once you've fixed the errors and, optionally, any warnings and messages, click Publish .
Your service is now running on the server and can be accessed by users and clients on your network. If your server administrator has allowed web access to the service, your service is also now available on the web.