You can use features of Amazon Web Services (AWS) CloudFormation to deploy different ArcGIS Server or ArcGIS Enterprise architectures on AWS. These architectures include the following:
- A single machine ArcGIS Enterprise deployment
- A highly available ArcGIS Enterprise deployment
- ArcGIS Enterprise deployments in two different regions for disaster recovery purposes
- A highly available ArcGIS Server site
- A single-machine ArcGIS GeoEvent Server site
- A highly available, single-machine ArcGIS Server site
Use Esri sample AWS CloudFormation templates to help you configure an ArcGIS Server site or ArcGIS Enterprise on AWS. Customize these templates or create your own templates to implement your own deployment patterns. You can manually set up the deployments without CloudFormation (using the AWS Management Console or APIs); however, using the CloudFormation templates makes launching and maintaining the architecture easier than doing it manually. CloudFormation templates also make it easier to set up identical architectures in different AWS accounts or regions.
Deploy ArcGIS Enterprise using CloudFormation
CloudFormation templates are available to deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on AWS. ArcGIS Enterprise deployments include the following ArcGIS components:
- Portal for ArcGIS
- ArcGIS Server
- ArcGIS Web Adaptor
- ArcGIS Data Store
You need the following before you can run the CloudFormation templates to deploy ArcGIS Enterprise:
- A valid domain name for your site.
- A TLS (SSL) certificate for your domain, obtained from a certifying authority.
- An Elastic IP address that you will associate with the EC2 instance; you must map your domain name to the Elastic IP address.
Deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on one machine
Esri provides a single-machine sample CloudFormation template that allows you to deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on a single AWS instance.
The sample single-machine deployment CloudFormation templates configure the following components to work together on a single machine on AWS:
- Portal for ArcGIS is registered with ArcGIS Web Adaptor using the context portal. For example, the registered portal URL is in the format http://<domain name>/portal/home.
- An ArcGIS GIS Server site is created and registered with ArcGIS Web Adaptor using the context server. For example, the ArcGIS Server Manager URL is in the format http://<domain name>/server/manager.
- ArcGIS Data Store relational and tile cache data stores are created and registered with the GIS Server site. This allows the GIS Server site to store hosted web layer data for the portal.
- The GIS Server site is federated with the portal and set as the portal's hosting server.
Use the single-machine deployment templates and the steps in Use AWS CloudFormation to deploy ArcGIS Enterprise on a single AWS instance.
You can optionally store the ArcGIS Server configuration store in DynamoDB and Amazon S3, and store the Portal for ArcGIS content directory in an S3 bucket instead in a directory on this single machine.
Deploy highly available ArcGIS Enterprise components
Esri provides CloudFormation templates that allow you to create a highly available ArcGIS Enterprise deployment on AWS. These templates install and configure the products listed in the previous section, and it configures each component so that data and services are available even if one machine in the deployment fails. This includes the file server instance configured with AWS Auto Recovery to store the portal content, the configuration store and directories for ArcGIS Server, and backup files for the relational and tile cache data stores. (Note that you need to manually configure backups for tile cache data stores, they are not automatically created by default. See the ArcGIS Data Store help for more information.)
At a minimum, a highly available ArcGIS Enterprise deployment includes three machines. The following diagram shows the software components per machine on AWS:
This configuration can optionally include separate machines running a spatiotemporal big data store cluster.
This instance can only be recovered to the same availability zone. If the whole availability zone is unavailable, your ArcGIS Enterprise deployment cannot recover unless you have set up an identical, secondary deployment in a different AWS region. This scenario is described in the next section.
Deploy two identical ArcGIS Enterprise configurations in different regions for disaster recovery
You can create two ArcGIS Enterprise deployments in two different regions and have one deployment be an active, primary deployment. Use the webgisdr tool installed with Portal for ArcGIS to replicate content from the primary deployment to the standby deployment in another region. This deployment is shown in the following diagram:
Deploy ArcGIS Server sites using CloudFormation
Esri provides sample CloudFormation templates that allow you to create ArcGIS Server sites to fill different roles. Which role the site fills depends on the template you use and the license you provide.
Deploy a highly available ArcGIS Server site with a shared configuration store
An ArcGIS Server site consists of a web server, web adaptor, data server, and one or more ArcGIS Server installations (including the configuration store and server directories) that you can distribute across multiple machines to increase computing power. Each component in the site plays a specific role in the process of managing the resources that are allocated to a set of services.
You can use one of the CloudFormation templates listed in the following table, and follow the steps in Use AWS CloudFormation to define a highly available ArcGIS Server site that contains two or more ArcGIS Server installations and uses Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) and DynamoDB for the configuration store. When you use one of these templates, automatic recovery is set for the ArcGIS Server directories; therefore, if one machine fails, your services will still be available.
|License role and template name||Type of site||Role the site plays|
ArcGIS GIS Server
Can be a stand-alone or federated GIS Server site to which you can publish feature, map, geoprocessing, geocoding, geodata, or geometry services.
ArcGIS GeoAnalytics Server
Acts as a federated GeoAnalytics Server server to allow portal users to run GeoAnalytics Tools.
ArcGIS Image Server
Can be a stand-alone or federated Image Server site to which you can publish image services from mosaic datasets. If federated with a portal, you can set this site as the portal's raster analysis server.
The following diagram shows an ArcGIS Server site with a file server machine to store ArcGIS Server directories and DynamoDB for the ArcGIS Server configuration store:
When you use Amazon S3 and DynamoDB for your configuration store, most services will be highly available with the following exceptions:
- Geoprocessing services cannot be made highly available.
- Cached services are not automatically highly available, but you can configure them separately to be highly available.
When you create a highly available ArcGIS Server site using one of the arcgis-server-<os>-haconfigstore templates, the following are created in your AWS account:
- A DynamoDB domain named ArcGISConfigStores in the AWS region in which you deploy the ArcGIS Server site, provisioned with 5 read capacity units and 1 write capacity unit
- A DynamoDB domain for each namespace, named ArcGISConfigStores.<namespace>, created with 250 read- and 25 write-provisioned capacity units
- An S3 bucket for each namespace, with the name arcgis-config-store-<namespace>-<unique ID>
Note that when you delete the ArcGIS Server site, ArcGIS deletes the DynamoDB domains for each namespace and the S3 buckets. You must manually delete the DynamoDB domain if you will not be deploying ArcGIS Server sites to that AWS region.
Also note that you must manage provisioned throughput settings on the DynamoDB tables to ensure reliable and fast operation of the ArcGIS Server configuration store.
Sites deployed using the ArcGIS Server high availability template are configured for automatic recovery. If a directory is on an instance that crashes or becomes unavailable, AWS replaces the instance to the state it was in prior to the crash. If the entire Amazon Availability Zone is unavailable for a long time, your ArcGIS Server site will not be available. If you need your site to be available even if an Amazon Availability Zone is down, you can take advantage of backup capabilities of AWS cloud storage. You can access those backup copies to restore your site.
When your server directories are stored in AWS storage services, follow these steps to recover your ArcGIS Server site when an Amazon Availability Zone is down.
- Re-create the VPC subnet associated with the failed Availability Zone in a new Availability Zone.
- Use the ArcGIS Amazon Machine Image to launch an Amazon EC2 instance in the re-created VPC subnet. The instance must have the same private IP address as it had before the original site became unavailable.
- Once the instance is running, log in to it and change the ArcGIS administrator account password to match the password specified when you originally created your site using CloudFormation.
- Ensure that the root path of the shared server directories location is available.
You cannot designate a new location for the shared server directories.
- Log in to the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory.
- Go to System > directories > recover.
- Click Recover.
The contents or folder structure from the cloud backup will be copied to the shared server directories.
Deploy an ArcGIS GeoEvent Server site
Use one of the ArcGIS GeoEvent Server CloudFormation templates to create a single-machine ArcGIS GeoEvent Server site.
The site can be a stand-alone or federated GeoEvent Server from which you stream real-time observation data.
Deploy a single-machine (active-active) ArcGIS Server site
A single-machine (active-active) ArcGIS Server site (formerly referred to as a siloed architecture) contains many identical but independent ArcGIS Server machines that run under a load balancer to distribute jobs among themselves. Each ArcGIS Server site is self-contained on a single machine and has its own configuration store. One of the main benefits of this architecture is that it allows you to continue running ArcGIS Server even if you lose an individual ArcGIS Server instance, which means your services are available even if one of the machines fails.
However, the single-machine architecture cannot be built with the ArcGIS Server Cloud Builder on Amazon Web Services; you must create it manually using the AWS Management Console or APIs. To help ease creation of a highly available, single-machine ArcGIS Server site, use AWS CloudFormation with the arcgis-siloed-server-VPC.template and the steps in Use AWS CloudFormation to define the site and load balancer that holds the ArcGIS Server machines together. The arcgis-siloed-server-VPC.template uses autoscaling, which ensures that you always maintain a minimum number of machines in your site but adds or removes machines based on ArcGIS Server usage, allowing for seamless recovery when one of your machines becomes unavailable.
As with other deployment scenarios described in this topic, the ArcGIS Server site's role is determined by the license you provide when creating the site.
*Certain icons in the diagrams in this topic are used with permission from Amazon Web Services.